Engineering design is the process of devising a system, component, or process to meet desired needs. It is a decision-making process, in which the basic science and mathematics and engineering sciences are applied to convert resources optimally to meet a stated objective. Among the fundamental elements of the design process are the establishment of objectives and criteria, synthesis, analysis, construction, testing and evaluation. Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewerage systems, pipelines, and railways. Architectural Engineering, also known as Building Engineering, is the application of engineering principles and technology to building design and construction. Mechanical, electrical and plumbing (MEP) refers to these aspects of building design and construction. MEP design is important for design decision-making, accurate documentation, performance and cost- estimation, construction planning, managing and operating the resulting facility.
To obtain a successful project by having all project goals identified early on and where the interdependencies of all building systems are coordinated concurrently from the planning and programming phase. Further, all design objectives: accessible, aesthetics, cost effective, functional/operational,
historic preservation, productive, secure/safe, and sustainable and their interrelationships must be understood, evaluated, and appropriately applied.
Pertains to building elements, heights and clearances implemented to address the specific needs of disabled people.
Pertains to the physical appearance and image of building elements and spaces as well as the integrated design process.
Pertains to selecting building elements on the basis of life-cycle costs (weighing options during concepts, design development, and value engineering) as well as basic cost estimating and budget control.
FUNCTIONAL / OPERATIONAL
Pertains to functional programming—spatial needs and requirements, system performance as well as durability and efficient maintenance of building elements.
Pertains to specific actions within a historic district or affecting a historic building whereby building elements and strategies are classifiable into one of the four approaches: preservation, rehabilitation, restoration, or reconstruction.
Pertains to occupants’ well-being—physical and psychological comfort— including building elements such as air distribution, lighting, workspaces, systems, and technology.
SECURE / SAFE
Pertains to the physical protection of occupants and assets from man-made and natural hazards.
Pertains to environmental performance of building elements and strategies.